What is HIV?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the causing agent of AIDS. This virus enters the human body through infection from another human and may remain in the body for years (ten years or more) without any symptoms; however that person can still transmit infection to other people.
What is AIDS?
The word “AIDS” is an abbreviation of the English words that stand for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). It entails a group of symptoms and signs that occur at the late stage of infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which compromises the human immune system to the extent where the HIV +ve person becomes vulnerable to diseases that the normal healthy body can overcome.
How does HIV cause AIDS?
In the first phase of exposure to HIV infection, the virus multiplies inside the body and affects certain immune system cells that help the body – in normal circumstances – to resist diseases. This period may extend from a few months to several years, during which a person living with HIV (HIV +ve person) may not experience symptoms. Without these cells, the body cannot defend itself against various diseases, and so opportunistic infections may result